Oman Falaj.

The Falaj is a traditional method of irrigation in Oman; some of which are quite basic as in this case, others can be complex with a very ridged control of how much water each individual gets.

Villages have a person who controls the amount of water supplied by using a form of ‘sun dial’ where the shadow cast by an upright stick times the amount  each member of the community receives.

When a Falaj is required for moving water long distances, it will quite often be under ground for most of its length; getting the gradient and flow rate is a very skilled job.

See these links for a far more detailed description:

The Falajs –  Written by Tor Eigeland.

The traditional Afalaj irrigation system.

Falaj – skilful Omani irrigation system

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