Click book image for Amazon link.
Simard asserts that healthy forests centre on a matriarch tree that acts as a nexus of nutrient distribution that shares these nutrients among other trees of the same or different ages and species that are chemically and physically linked together by an expansive mycorrhizal network. Simard faced ridicule during her younger years; however her research became “critical to addressing problems in the timber industry” that led to reforms in sustainable forestry.
Maybe a somewhat controversial thought on this last day of 2021.
From the Encyclopædia Britannica:-
A form of government in which one person or a small group possesses absolute power without effective constitutional limitations. The term dictatorship comes from the Latin title dictator, which in the Roman Republic designated a temporary magistrate who was granted extraordinary powers in order to deal with state crises
Modern dictators, however, resemble ancient tyrants rather than ancient dictators. Ancient philosophers’ descriptions of the tyrannies of Greece and Sicily go far toward characterizing modern dictatorships. Dictators usually resort to force or fraud to gain despotic political power, which they maintain through the use of intimidation, terror, and the suppression of basic civil liberties. They may also employ techniques of mass propaganda in order to sustain their public support.
Let us hope 2022 can revert back to what passed for normal two years ago.
The back of the mill can be seen through the trees and the stream in the foreground fed a small dam (behind the trees on the left of the image) which maintained flow through the mill race.
This was a corn mill from the mid-eighteen century; also used as a saw mill and wire-drawing mill.
Water Mill drive converter wheel.
Going through old negatives, I found a sheet from the early 1980s of Padley Mill and Padley woods in the Peak District National Park: Derbyshire.
Kodacolor VR200 film which was made between 1982 to 86, this helped me date them at more than 35 years old.
I have been scanning and converting some into B&W.
I am almost sure this negative (T-max TMY not TMY-2) was made in the early 1980’s.
The first recorded church on this site was a wooden structure built in 627, the present building was begun in about 1230 and completed in 1472. Looking at its history: the site seems to have been beset by fires ! see this Wiki link.