Finding the Mother Tree.

Click book image for Amazon link.

From Wiki:
Simard asserts that healthy forests centre on a matriarch tree that acts as a nexus of nutrient distribution that shares these nutrients among other trees of the same or different ages and species that are chemically and physically linked together by an expansive mycorrhizal network. Simard faced ridicule during her younger years; however her research became “critical to addressing problems in the timber industry” that led to reforms in sustainable forestry.

A thought for the last day of 2021.

Maybe a somewhat controversial thought on this last day of 2021.

From the Encyclopædia Britannica:-

Dictatorship.

A form of government in which one person or a small group possesses absolute power without effective constitutional limitations. The term dictatorship comes from the Latin title dictator, which in the Roman Republic designated a temporary magistrate who was granted extraordinary powers in order to deal with state crises
Modern dictators, however, resemble ancient tyrants rather than ancient dictators. Ancient philosophers’ descriptions of the tyrannies of Greece and Sicily go far toward characterizing modern dictatorships. Dictators usually resort to force or fraud to gain despotic political power, which they maintain through the use of intimidation, terror, and the suppression of basic civil liberties. They may also employ techniques of mass propaganda in order to sustain their public support.

 

Let us hope 2022 can revert back to what passed for normal two years ago.