Tombs at Halban: an impromptu trip that I took this morning (early 06:30 ish) well that’s early for me 🙂
Halban is about 40 mins. drive from where I live, I was awake (don’t know why – especially on a day off ! ) so thought I would beat the heat of the day.
A little about the tombs at Halban.
The small tombs (there are lots!) found in Oman are generally assumed to date from around the Hafit Period of (3200-2600 BC). They originally had a similar appearance to a beehive, enclosing a small chamber for burial.
Archaeologists believe that the larger tombs found at such sites as Halban, date from the Umm al Nar period in the Bronze age, circ; 2700-2000 BC.. The Umm An-Nar Culture is one of the most important periods in neighbouring UAE, notably Bahrain.
See this link for more:
From archaeological evidence it is suggested that trade in copper with Mesopotamia and the Indus Valley gave rise to the wealthy land known as Dilmun, thought to be in Bahrain. Obtaining copper from the Land of Magan, now largely identified with the ancient copper mining areas in Oman and the adjoining area of UAE. The presence of copper ore in the hills near Halban again points to the link with copper and an Umm Al Nar period.
During the early 1950s, Danish archaeologists excavating grave mounds in Bahrain, found 4,000-year-old settlements and temples thought to be Dilmun, known as the city of the gods in ancient Sumerian literature. Their 1959 discovery on the island of Umm an-Nar near Abu Dhabi of another, previously unknown culture contemporary with Dilmun was unexpected. At this site an outer wall enclosed circular graves, between 15 & 40 feet in diameter with a tower like appearance; in which as many as 25 to 30 people could be buried.
Encouraged by the discoveries at Dilmun and Umm an-Nar; Danish archaeologists excavated 200 single-chambered burial cairns near Jebel Hafit on the Oman-United Arab Emirates border. Here they discovered a culture earlier than both Dilmun and Umm an-Nar. Excavations yielded jars with geometric designs painted in black, white, and dark red, copper and bronze pins along with stone beads. The jars were the same type as used in southern Mesopotamia around 3000 B.C. One problem though; unfortunately there seems to be little trace of the ancient settlements that should accompany these tombs.
The Umm al-Nar tombs are circular and their outer walls were faced with well-shaped smooth stones in a spiral construction. Internally they were mostly divided into a number of chambers, these being used for collective burial. Probably by a family group or members of the same community; who would use them for several generations. In some, archaeologists found the remains of more than 100 people buried in one tomb.
In Oman these tombs have only recently been ‘investigated’ by the outside world (1991 or there about) although when one asks the locals, they will tell you they have always been there and if lucky, will follow this up with “would you like to see some more”………
Obtained from the Web and various publications I have; therefore any errors in the above are down to me………